Paper: Trust Us and Our Business Expands! How Net-activists Take Down Fraudulent Business Websites
Title: Trust Us and Our Business Expands! How Net-activists Take Down Fraudulent Business Websites
Author(s): Andreas Zingerle
Email: andreas.zingerle (at) ufg.ac.at
Published at: xCoAx conference 2016, Bergamo, Italy.
Internet criminals create fake websites that mimic real websites and use them for advance fee fraud or other criminal activities. Over the last ten years members of the vigilante scambaiting community ‘Artists against 419’ maintain the biggest open-access database of fake websites. They use ‘passive reconnaissance’ and ‘open source intelligence’ (osit) tools to gather information to file reports with the hosting provider to get the websites taken off the web. This chapter takes a closer look at the group’s strategies and explains the artistic research installation called ‘Megacorp.’ that visualises a sample probe of 1000 websites from the database collection.
Keywords: Fraud, scambaiting, anti-fraud activism, open source intelligence.
Bansal, Akanksha, and Monika Arora. “Ethical Hacking and Social Security.” Radix International Journal of Research in Social Science 1, no. 11 (2012).
Brenner, Susan W. “Private-public sector cooperation in combating cybercrime: In search of a model.” J. Int’l Com. L. & Tech. 2 (2007): 58.
Cain, Patrick. “Scam trap.” The Toronto Star, http://www. thestar. com, referenced March 21 (2004): 2011.
Enterprise Applications Division of the Systems and Network Analysis Center (SNAC) Information Assurance Directorate, “Hidden Data and Metadata in Adobe PDF Files: Publication Risks and Countermeasures”, https://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/app/pdf_risks.pdf. 2008.
Glassman, Michael, and Min Ju Kang. “Intelligence in the internet age: The emergence and evolution of Open Source Intelligence (OSINT).” Computers in Human Behavior 28 (2012): 673-682.
Husak, Martin, and Jakub Cegan. “PhiGARo: Automatic Phishing Detection and Incident Response Framework.” In Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES), 2014 Ninth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.295-302, 8-12 Sept. 2014
Protalinski, Emil. “A single hacker is taking down racist and homophobic sites one by one”, http://venturebeat.com/2015/10/21/a-single-hacker-is-taking-down-racist-and-homophobic-sites-one-by-one/
Wilson, Mark, “10 Years In The Making, Nicholas Felton Files His Final Feltron Report”, http://www.fastcodesign.com/3052301/10-years-in-the-making-nicholas-felton-files-his-final-feltron-report, Oct. 2015.
Zingerle, Andreas and Linda Kronman. “Humiliating Entertainment or Social Activism Analyzing Scambaiting Strategies Against Online Advance Fee Fraud.” in Cyberworlds (CW), 2013 International Conference on. IEEE, 2013, pp. 352-355.